Architecturally, Victorian houses are commonly known to be of a Victorian style, but the 'style' itself is just a historic period. This period responds to a time when Queen Victoria reigned over Britain. During this period, industrialization resulted in numerous innovations in architecture. Certain different Victorian styles include Shingle, Richardsonian Romanesque, Second Empire and Queen Anne.
Generally, within the United Kingdom and other colonies formerly British, a Victorian house is generally a house that was built during the Victorian period. During the Industrial Revolution, numerous housing booms ultimately resulted in the creation of millions of different Victorian houses, which define numerous towns and cities in Britain.
A number of different architectural styles are used throughout the United Kingdom. From the beginning of the classicism that was passed down from the Regency architecture, the Italianate style became more influential in the 1840s and 1850s. By 1880s, the GOthic Revival became more common. Later on, the Queen Anne Style and the Arts and Crafts movement became more influential, which led to a change in styles commonly seen in Edwardian houses.
There are certain Victorian style houses in American cities, where the style has adopted based upon local customs, usually two or three storey cottages. Even though the general public refers to houses made during the Victorian era as Victorian style houses, this is an era and not a style.
Even though historians agree that eight architectural structures were common throughout the United States as well as Canada during the Victorian era, the VIctorian era architecture within the United States was merely a combination of different styles borrowed from other countries.
Victorian architecture was common throughout the United States from 1875 until the 1900s. The Victorian house served as a starting point, which could be personalized in countless different ways. These houses took their inspiration from a number of different styles, such as Gothic to Italianate. They include porches, bays, turrets, shingles, stylish windows, etc. It should be known that no two Victorian styled houses are regarded as similar. They usually have two stories, with complex rooflines running steeply. Because of the irregular massing, floor plans are also free- form. Sub styles include the Queen Anne, Second Empire, the Shingle style and the Gothic Revival.
Distinctive features in a Victorian house:
- Roof has a steep pitch and an irregular shape
- Textured shingles are often used
- The porch is either partial or full- width asymmetrical
- Asymmetrical facade
The Features of Victorian Style Architecture
Bay Window: A window that protrudes outwards from the house. It can have windows on either side.
Dentils: A molding that travels round the house, with rectangular holes.
Column: A rounded, or square shaped post that provides support to the roof
Dormer: A window that sticks out of the roof, with a roof of its own
Cornice: The piece that runs along the roof and the wall
Entablature: The upper portion of the wall/ story.
Oriel Window: Begins above the ground and heads up.
Reveal Window: Just sticks out from the wall.
Gable: The triangular portion that forms at the end of a building by two sides of a sloping roof
Pediment: The piece that covers the porch and protrudes from the roof
Lintel: A post that goes through the top of a window or door
Portico: A porch that has a roof overhead
Mansard Roof : A roof with two slopes, often flat on the top
Transom: A panel or a window, which can be commonly operated, located above a window or door
Turret: A small tower situated at the corner of a building Windows
Oriel: window: Begins from the ground and moves upwards
Reveal: Window: Sticks out from the wall